What does saddle nose (or ‘boxer’s nose’) refer to? How can it be treated by a rhinoplasty?

A saddle nose deformity occurs when the cartilaginous support of the bridge or dorsum of the nose is lost, thus resulting in collapse of this region and a subsequent “saddle” appearance on profile. This is known as a ‘boxer’s nose’ because boxers sustain blunt trauma to the nose, develop septal hematomas, which result in loss of cartilaginous support of the bridge of the nose. This can be repaired by augmenting the dorsum of the nose and supporting the nose. I usef temporalis fascia and diced cartilage graft to augment the dorsum of the nose. Other supporting techniques include placement of spreader grafts to reconstruct the middle third of the nose and improve the nasal airway.